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Knowledge VS Truth

When I was doing research for my assignment last week, I found this article talking about the difference between Knowledge and Truth. I agree with the author’s explanation of what is knowledge, but I still not quite sure what is truth? I will be please, if someone could give me example or further explanation. Thanks.

There is the article:

知識與真理

這裡要特別把真理跟知識作一個說明
真理是所謂永遠不變的道理才叫做真理

其實真理是存在大自然裡面的
也是神創造的一部分
但是用人的方式嘗試要來解釋這些真理的時候
有時候它就變成知識
知識不是真理
就好像我們講到知識不是學識是同樣的道理
比如說太陽系九大行星這個知識(表徵)其實是人定出來的
它並不是事實的本身
不是真理
它只是人為定出來的知識
這些知識都是幫助我們在作學問的時候
來幫我們了解我們所處的這個世界的一些現象

但是要了解九大行星
我們首先要先去知道什麼是行星
我們才有辦法說那裡有九個行星
最近有一顆行星才被除名
所以知識是會變的
知識它並不是真理
即使像貓這麼簡單的一個知識概念
其實它也都不是絕對的
怎麼說呢?
我們怎樣來定義貓?
有沒有發現很多東西都很難定義
我們怎麼樣來描述貓呢?
要有四隻腳兩個耳朵然後它叫的時候會有喵的聲音
這樣就是貓嗎?
大致上我們只能很大概的來描述一隻貓

但是
一隻三隻腳的貓怎麼我們也認為它是貓呢?
它已經不符合我們一般的定義:要有四隻腳
或是說這貓眼睛瞎了還是貓嗎?
貓它不會叫了它還是貓嗎?
我們還是把它認定為貓

若是描述得不夠仔細, 很可能狗也能成為.

所以不管我們用什麼語言

用什麼知識來描述我們對貓的理解
它總是不完整的
知識是一直可以被修正
Reference : http://organiclearning.pixnet.net/blog/post/15507406
(if you read the author’s photo from the link, you will find that he looks one of our professors. ha ha)

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7 Responses

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  1. LI Siu Wai says

    Paul,

    Agree that 知識不是真理.

    Here the article starts with the discussion with the assumption that ‘ 其實真理是存在大自然裡面的, 也是神創造的一部分’. The scientists may object on this.

    The subject about God, it is very sensitive and arguable. Recently I have visited Jordan and Syria that with the dominant of Muslims. I got a strong feel that ‘Believe’ is the ‘Truth’.

  2. Amy says

    Siu Wai/Paul,

    Belief = Truth? Somewhat like ‘you believe it is true, then it is true.’

    Pual, the author really looks like our proffessor – BC. ha…

  3. Anthony says

    Copied from http://forums.philosophyforums.com/threads/truth-vs-belief-vs-knowledge-12425.html

    Knowledge is what you know. It can be true, it can be false.

    Belief is what you believe, and you may not even know what you truly believe.

    But you can only know if you believe. For example if you disbelieve your senses you can never know what you see.

    Truth is what’s real. But we cannot really know what’s real. We believe it is out there, and we believe that somehow via knowledge we can get some glimpse of it, but we just don’t know, it may be entirely unknowable. Yet we strived for it. The reasons we do so can be pragmatic, because it is useful, or aesthetic, because it is beautiful, or necessary, because it gives meaning to life.
    =======================
    More to add later

  4. Paul says

    Thank Anothy

    I think I understanding more about the truth from The last post of forum.
    In summary,
    truth is real;
    knowledge what we know;
    knowledge also means our justified true believe;
    what we know should be somthing we believes, but we never knows it is true of false, it also depends on our sense.

    Argee?

    Now I understanding what is the meaning of the message from X-file “The truth is out here” and X-File could completely explain what is Truth, Belief and Knowledge.

    By the way, does anyone watch “鋼之練金術師” on Saturday night? Do you What is the message/meaning of “真理之門” in the cartoon?

  5. Anthony says

    In this circumstances, it is more alike “The Matrix” than 鋼之練金術師

    真理之門 is a representation of all knowledge in that world.
    Find the Truth of 賢者之石 is just the prologue of the story, how to deal with the truth is the real content

  6. Anthony says

    成篇文實在太大獲, 我仲以為是一d年輕人寫既

    我試下比較客觀咁comment下呢篇文…

    >真理是所謂永遠不變的道理才叫做真理

    我不知道這句”永遠不變的道理->真理”是必要條件還是充份且必要條件, 再討論下去也沒意思
    不然我阿媽係女人都是真理了

    >其實真理是存在大自然裡面的
    >也是神創造的一部分

    創造論本身已經是一種信仰, 基於這個不能證明的前提,其實下文再看也沒邏輯上的意義
    (我的邏輯知識基本上都還李天命了… 名詞都忘了)

    >即使像貓這麼簡單的一個知識概念
    >其實它也都不是絕對的

    請參考 “特修斯之船” 的哲學故事
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ship_of_Theseus
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Identity_and_change
    http://hi.baidu.com/%D7%CF%D3%B0%CC%EC%E8%AF/blog/item/44a83f26583eb1108a82a1a8.html

    我相信某一物體是貓是因為我”相信”那物體是貓 (sense making)
    In the process of sense making, we make use of knowledge to help us, that’s all

    活的差不多夠久的時候, 哲學和邏輯真的要好好再唸一下

  7. Siu Wai says

    Amy, the ‘Believe’ is the ‘Truth’ that I mentioned is referring to what I have observed in the world of the Muslims. They are simple – QUR’AN is everything. Certainly this is not the same situation for non-Muslims.



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